Missing teeth not only effect the confidence and self-esteem of a person. They also impair speaking and chewing functions. There are many reasons for missing teeth such as accidents, gum or jaw diseases, decay, etc.
Innovation in dentistry has led to the emergence of many techniques to replace missing teeth and return the confidence to a patient. Dental Implants are one of the methods to replace missing, damaged or decayed teeth. Implants are available in many types and sizes. Your orthodontist will help you choose the right implant depending on the number of missing teeth, the health of your jaw bone and gums and your budget. However, understanding about the different types of implants will help you in the decision-making process.
- Endosteal Implants
These are the most commonly used dental implants. Endosteal implants are mostly made of titanium or zirconia. These dental implants are placed inside the jaw bone. The orthodontist cuts open the gums and drills a hole in the jaw bone. The screw like implant is then placed inside the hole and the gums are sewed back. The jaw bone grows and fuses with the implant and gives it a strong support.
- Subperiosteal Implants
Patients, who are good candidates for implants but do not have a strong jaw bone to support the implant are fitted with subperiosteal implants. These implants are fixed on the jaw bone.
- Immediate- Load Implants
Usually, the process of installation of dental implants is very long. There is a huge recovery time for the jaw bone to fuse with the implant. The crown is placed on the implant only after the jaw bone is completely healed. But in case of immediate-load implants, the artificial tooth is placed as soon as the dental implant is installed. However, it is important to note that these implants are not suitable for every patient. They need a strong jaw bone that is able to support the implant as well as withstand the pressure of using an artificial tooth.
- Mini Dental Implants
As the name suggests, mini-dental implants or MDIs are smaller than the regular implants. They are mostly the size of a tooth pick and are used to support dentures.
You have to carefully weigh the pros and cons of each type of implant and choose the right dental implants in consultation with your orthodontist.