Good oral health is the key to maintain the quality of life and overall well-being. However, orthodontists estimate that 3.58 billion people are affected by oral diseases. Large scale urbanization, changes in lifestyle, attractive marketing of foods containing sugar, and poor access to oral health services are the major causes for the rising instances of oral diseases.
According to Lehigh Valley orthodontist, seven oral diseases are most prevalent. These diseases can be cured easily if they are identified in the early stages and most of them are preventable with good oral hygiene.
Dental carries or tooth decay is one of the most common dental disease. Tooth decay effects both children and adults. Tooth decay happens as a result of plaque. The microbial plaque feeds on the sugars and left over food particles between the teeth and releases enzymes that damage the enamel, gums and the dentine. Poor brushing habits, consumption of sugary foods and low exposure to fluoride are the main reasons for tooth decay.
Gum diseases or periodontal diseases effect the gum tissues that support the teeth. These diseases are characterized by swollen gums, bleeding gums and bad breath. Gingivitis and periodontitis are two gum diseases that affect the health of the gums. If gum diseases are not treated in early stages they may lead to loosening of the teeth and tooth loss. Poor oral hygiene, smoking and genetic conditions can lead to gum diseases.
Tooth decay and gum diseases are the major contributors for tooth loss. Apart from these 2 reasons tooth loss can also happen because of injury, accidents and aging. Orthodontists evaluate the condition of the mouth to devise a customized treatment plan for tooth loss. Missing teeth can be replaced with dentures, tooth bridges or dental implants depending on the individual requirements of each patient.
Cleft Lip and Palate
Cleft lip and palate is a disorder that occurs in newborns. Genetic predisposition, poor maternal nutrition, tobacco and alcohol consumption during pregnancy and obesity are major reasons for the disorder. Cleft lip and palate can be treated through surgery.
Reputed Lehigh Valley orthodontist suggest that regular visits to a dentist or orthodontist and maintaining good oral hygiene can help to eliminate most of the oral diseases such as tooth decay, gum diseases and tooth loss.